PIN CODE EXPLAINED

Time to Read: 2 mins

History of PIN CODE

PINCODE, the short form of POSTAL INDEX NUMBER, was introduced on 15 Aug. 1972, by Shriram Bhikaji Velankar.

What is PIN CODE

PIN CODE is a unique identification number assigned to each geographical locations of India. It is a 6-digit unique code and this code is very vital for our address as it helps the Postal Department to identify our location.

The Significance of 6-digits in PIN CODE

The first Digit of PIN CODE indicates the region. There are 9 PIN regions in India covering all the Indian states and union territories. The first 1-8 digits are assigned for the regions and the digit 9 is for the Army Postal service.

Below table indicates the regions covered under each digit.

First Digit Region States Covered
1 Northern Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir
2 Northern Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal
3 Western Rajasthan, Gujarat
4 Western Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
5 Southern Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka
6 Southern Kerala, Tamil Nadu
7 Eastern West Bengal, Orissa, North Eastern
8 Eastern Bihar, Jharkhand
9 APS Army Postal Service

The Second digit of PIN CODE indicates the state sub-region. So, combining the first and the second digit indicates us the circle covering all the Indian states, shown below.

First 2 Digits Circle
11 Delhi
12 and 13 Haryana
14 to 16 Punjab
17 Himachal Pradesh
18 to 19 Jammu & Kashmir
20 to 28 Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal
30 to 34 Rajasthan
36 to 39 Gujarat
40 to 44 Maharashtra
45 to 49 Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
50 to 53 Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
56 to 59 Karnataka
60 to 64 Tamil Nadu
67 to 69 Kerala
70 to 74 West Bengal
75 to 77 Orissa
78 Assam
79 North Eastern
80 to 85 Bihar, Jharkhand
90 to 99 Army Postal Service

The third digit of PINCODE indicates the sorting district within the sub-region. Then, combining the first, the second and the third digit of PIN CODE indicates the districts covered under the circle denoted by the first two digits of the PIN CODE.

E.g. – 110_ _ _ code will indicate districts covered under the Delhi circle, northern region.

Last 3 digits of PIN CODE indicate individual post-offices code under a district.

Infographic Summary

See the image below that summarizes the above discussion.

PIN CODE
PIN CODE

Lets’ decode it

So, let’s start with an example: Take a random PIN CODE 110004

  • 1 – Region – Northern Region (Delhi)
  • 11 – Circle – Delhi Circle
  • 110 – District – Central Delhi
  • 004 – Post office Code – Rashtrapati Bhawan Post office

So, the decoded PINCODE:

Rashtrapati Bhawan 110004 Delhi

Hoping that, it was explained and decoded well. Feel free to ask, if you still have any queries. Please share this information with friends and let’s spread the knowledge.

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